Iran Pistachio , Iranian Pistachio

 Iran is one of the main countries in the world in pistachio production and cultivation, and pistachio is one of the most valuable agricultural products in Iran. Each year, more than 95% pistachio harvested in Iran’s gardens is exported to Europe and other parts of the world, and less than 5% is the share of the domestic market.According to statistics released by the FAO, in 2018, Iran is the first major country in the production of pistachio in the world by producing 550,000 tons each year, and the United States is the second rank after Iran with 447,000 tons, followed by Turkey with 240,000 tons.

Commercial Pistachio Varieties From Iran

Iranian Pistachio Specification

Commercial types Hazelnut pistachio  Jumbo pistachio Ahmad Aghaei pistachio  Akbari pistachio 
 Shape  spherical shape and small  spherical shape and large  elongated and almond-shaped  elongated and almond-shaped
 Average size of each pistachio (mm2)  1.40  1.50-1.70  1.50-1.60  1.80-1.90
 Average weight of each pistachio  0.97g  1.71g  1.32g  1.45g
 Average weight of dry kernel ofeach pistachio  0.44g  1.45g  0.75g  0.66g
 Nutritional value per 100 grams  having the same nutritional value  having the same nutritional value  having the same nutritional value  having the same nutritional value
 Number of each pistachio in per kilogram  1000-1100  700-800  800-900  800-900
Akbari pistachio is the most luxury, the best, and the highest quality type of export pistachiosin Iran. Akbari pistachio is more elongated than Ahmad Aghaei, hazelnut, and jumbo pistachios, has a higher commercial value, and is known as super long pistachio. The kernelof Akbari pistachio is larger and more elongatedthan other Iranian pistachios, and has a very good taste.
Akbari pistachio is one of the commercial typesof pistachio with the highest economic value. Its fruits are almond-shaped, elongated, and large.Of its characteristics are high vegetative growth, dense leaves, wide leaf area, high yield, late flowering and late ripening.Itcould be harvested in the third decade of September. Akbari pistachio has a very strong and compressed wood, is almond-shaped, and is produced in sizes 20-22, 22-24, 24-26 in Iran’s pistachio-rich regions.
Ahmad Aghaei pistachio is one of the largest and most delicious types of commercial pistachio in Iran, which is very popular in the markets of Iran and the world. Regarding the taste, it is the most delicious type in Iran, and regarding the amount of production, it has the most abundant type of pistachio because of high quality in grafting and high yield in Iran. Ahmad Aghaei pistachio is almond-shaped, more elongated and larger than hazelnut pistachio, and smaller than Akbari pistachio. Its appearance is similar tojumbo pistachio. Ahmad Aghaei pistachio is available in sizes 22-24, 24-26, 26-28.
Hazelnut pistachio is one of the most popular and economical types of pistachio in Iran, which includes the mostamount of Iran’s pistachio exports. This type of pistachio is hazelnut-shaped and spherical, has a smaller size than other types, and its size is smaller than hazelnuts. Because of its small size, hazelnut pistachio is higher than other Iranian pistachios and includes more pistachios per kilogram. Hazelnut pistachiois usually found in sizes 28-30, 32-34 and 30-32.
Jumbopistachio is one of the most delicious and largesttypes of commercial pistachio in Iran. This type of pistachio is round and spherical and is similar to hazelnut pistachio, but its size is larger and its weight is heavier than hazelnut pistachio. The popularity of jumbo pistachio is because ofitslarge kernel and its very delicious taste. This type of pistachiois available in sizes 20-22 / 22-24 / 24-26.

Properties and benefits of eating pistachio

phosphorus
Pistachio has phosphorus. Phosphorus is very useful for reinforcing bone and tooth tissue and strengthening the body muscles.
sources of potassium
Pistachio is one of the best sources of potassium, which has the same amount of potassium as orange. The potassium of pistachio helps balance body fluids, regulate heart rate and lower blood pressure.
low calorie
Pistachiohas low calorie, low cholesterol, and low saturated fat. Fat is an energy source that helps absorb vitamins K, A, E, and D.
strengthens hair
Balanced consumption of pistachio strengthens hair and prevents hair loss, because it is a very good source of biotin. Biotin is a kind ofvitaminB that plays a critical role in hair strength and health.
copper and magnesium
Pistachio is full of copper, magnesium, and different kinds of vitamin B that strengthen the immune system and prevent many diseases. Vitamin B6 is essential for maintaining immunesystem function. The deficiency of vitamin B6 leads to immune system dysfunction to fight infections.
contains iron
One of the reasons people develop anemia is iron deficiency. Pistachio, which contains iron, is a very useful fruit to compensate for iron deficiency and relieve dizziness and fatigue caused by anemia.
minerals and vitamins
The proverb "Still waters run deep" may beappropriate for pistachio. Although pistachiois small in size, it is very rich in minerals and vitamins.
sexuality
Eating pistachio increases sexuality.
a lot of fiber
Pistachio contains a lot of fiber, which helps digest food and regulate cholesterol and blood glucose.

The history of pistachio in Iran

Pistachio is a plant that has long been cultivated in Iran’s different regions. Wild forests of pistachio in the northeast of Iran and the regions bordering Turkmenistan and Afghanistan have an ancient history.It is thought that pistachio has been cultivated and domesticated in Iran since 3-4 thousand years ago and after Iran, it has been transferred to other regions of the world, especially to the countries around the Mediterranean.The oldest areas in Iran in which pistachio is cultivated are Sarakhs, Qazvin, Semnan, Jiroft, and Damghan, where pistachio cultivation has been common.Currently, Kerman province and the city of Rafsanjan are the most important pistachio-growing areas in Iran and the world. There are more than 360 thousand hectares of fertile and non-fertile pistachio gardens in the country, of which about 280 thousand hectares are located in Kerman province.

Pistachio’s maintenance method

Pistachiomust be kept in a cool, near-zero temperature to preserve its flavor and also to prevent the growth of Aflatoxinfungus on its surfaces. At home, it is better to keep pistachio in closed containers so that moisture cannot enter it, and keep it in the freezer. But people who sell and store pistachios in warehousesshould maintain this product in well-equipped and mechanized refrigerators.

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